Bowie, from the US, won gold in the 100 meters during the World Championships in 2017, after claiming podium finishes at the Rio Olympics in 2016 – including as part of the winning 4x100m relay team.
In a statement, her management said: “We’re devastated to share the very sad news that Tori Bowie has passed away.
“We’ve lost a client, dear friend, daughter and sister. Tori was a champion…a beacon of light that shined so bright!
“We’re truly heartbroken and our prayers are with the family and friends.”
World Athletics said: “World Athletics is deeply saddened by the passing of Tori Bowie, the 2017 world 100m champion and multiple Olympic medallist.
“Condolences go out to her family and friends.”
In 2015, she won bronze in the World Championships, and at Rio that following year, she was second place in the women’s 100m and third in the 200m.